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18 Avr 2016 

Difference Between a College And University

Benjamin Harris was a maverick in the early days of journalism. He was not alone but he definitely stood out from the crowd.

The difference between colleges and universities is not a purely semantic one. A college and a university are supposed to be different in principle. However, in some countries they may mean the same thing, while in others they may not. Naming things has no absolute rules in all human fields of endeavor. People familiar with the English language know that words have ambiguous meanings and they may have different meanings according to the context in which they are used. Similarly, when looking at the difference, one has to see context of the location, where they are situated.

Semantic Difference

The word college comes from the Latin word 'collegium', connotes a group of people living together by choice, for a common purpose. That's why, members of some colleges are called 'fellows'. Today the word college is most exclusively used to denote an educational institution, which offers various degree level courses. However, the term can be more widely used, to denote a group of people like an 'electoral college' or a 'college of cardinals'.

As educational institutions, in terms of stages of learning, colleges are intermediate stages between schools and universities. There are community colleges in USA which mostly offer diplomas, certificate level courses and 4 year degrees. One must know how to choose a college, according to one's career interests. In some countries, the terms may be used interchangeably.

The word 'University' has its origin in Latin as 'universitas magistrorum et scholarium ', meaning a group of teachers and scholars living together in pursuit of knowledge or a place of learning. The term 'University' is used today to denote advanced institutions of higher learning, offering learning and research opportunities. Usually, like in USA, universities grow out of aggregation of small colleges (offering specialized education). Universities usually offer a wider spectrum of courses, compared to colleges, ranging over arts, science and commerce. Universities offer 4 years graduate courses as well as graduate school courses leading to a doctorate. Life in a university is more demanding than college life. The difference primarily lies in the number of academic subjects and level of specialization offered in each institution. That's what separates colleges from universities in most countries of the world. However, this may not be the case in every country. In some cases college and university mean the same thing.


In USA, the terms college and university are synonymous. There are some colleges here which in spite of being called colleges offer courses in a wide variety of subjects and are empowered to offer diplomas, degree courses, as well as doctorate degrees. The purpose of college education is to prepare a student for a career in the real world outside. Universities abound in USA as it boasts of some of best in the world like (to name a few) Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cornell, Stanford and Harvard university.

In Canada

In Canada, the difference is quite clear. Colleges offer short vocational course that teach specific kinds of trades. They offer associate degrees in arts ad sciences. The colleges in Canada usually have smaller class size and the professors are more focused on teaching than research. So in short, Canadian colleges are sort of, intermediate steps between college and university. Universities here offer research opportunities leading to a doctorate.

In UK and Commonwealth Countries

In United Kingdom and most of the countries which are included in the commonwealth nations, the difference between college and universities, is very well-defined. Colleges are subsidiary, specialized institutes of learning under the aegis of a university. A college comes under the affiliation of university. Courses are taught in colleges, but the degree is granted by the university. University is the parent body and colleges adhere to its rules. Besides the colleges under its affiliation, a university in UK may have its own separate subject departments, devoted to research.

In terms of level of rigor, courses in universities are more research oriented and the faculty there has research funding for various projects. To sum up, if colleges are rivers, universities are oceans of knowledge. Wisdom however, can only be garnered through experience in life.

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18 Avr 2016 

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18 Avr 2016 

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17 Avr 2016 


Benjamin Harris was a maverick in the early days of journalism. He was not alone but he definitely stood out from the crowd.

Byline: Scott Magoloff Staff Writer

It just so happened that the most heartwarming story of friendship and caring played out in the Olympic Trials of the most combative of sports.

Kay Poe, 18, was ranked No. 1 in the world in the flyweight division of tae kwon do, entering the Trials in May as a heavy favorite. Qualifying for the Olympics was a forgone conclusion for her, provided she could advance through the Trials.

And Poe breezed through the competition until the semifinals, when she suffered a knee injury but still won. By the time she woke up the following day, when the finals would be held, Poe knew she was not well enough to win. She had conceded her Olympic dream but expected to give a valiant effort in the finals.

Then it happened.

Poe's opponent in the finals was her best friend for 13 years, Esther Kim. The two grew up together in Houston and train under Kim's father, Jin. Kim, who could rarely keep up with Poe throughout their competitive lives, would have been an overwhelming underdog had Poe been healthy.

Kim, 20, took the most dramatic way out of a tough predicament, choosing to bow down - the sport's equivalent of a forfeit. Thus, Poe could take her rightful place on the U.S. Olympic team despite Poe being unable to earn it with a victory in the finals.

``She came up to me (before the match) and said, `I know you won't want me to, but I really want to bow down to you,' '' Poe said. ``I just started crying because this was her chance just as much as it was mine. Really, it was the most heartfelt moment in my life. I don't think it matters who won. We're both winners.''

Initially, Poe would not accept Kim's offer and she wanted the match to go on.

``(She said) `We have to fight, we have to fight,' '' Kim said. ``I was like, `Hey, you can't even stand up. How are we going to fight?' We both got really quiet and there was this long moment of silence. Then I looked at her and said, `God, we won. We finally did it. We won.'

``I've always said that if she won, I would always feel like I won, too, because I know I was part of her winning and vice versa. At that point, we started crying and said, `We finally did it, we finally did it, we finally won.''

As a result of Kim's emotional decision, Poe will represent the U.S. in the women's flyweight division of the first Olympic tae kwon do competition. After the Korean martial art gained international popularity as a demonstration sport in the 1988 and 1992 Games, it makes its debut as a medal sport in Sydney.


Competition dates: Sept. 27-30

Events: Men's and women's flyweight, featherweight, welterweight and heavyweight.

History: Although the sport is believed to originate in 37 B.C., it first appeared as an Olympic demonstration sport in 1988 and 1992; it debuts as a medal sport in Sydney.

Favorites: South Korea has dominated the sport, its men's and women's teams winning the World Championships in 1999. Iran and Turkey have narrowed the gap in the men's competition. Flyweight Jong-Il Yoon is the top medal contender for Korea's men's team. England's Sarah Stevenson, 17, is the defending European welterweight champion.

How the U.S. will fare: All eyes are on Kay Poe, not only because of the way she qualified for the Olympics but because she is the Americans' best hope for a medal.

Did you know? The Taiwanese government is offering $330,000 tax free to any of its competitors to bring home the gold medal.



Box: TAEKWONDO (see text)

17 Avr 2016 

NC Gov. Pat McCrory: 'It Was The Left That Brought About The Bathroom Bill'

Benjamin Harris was a maverick in the early days of journalism. He was not alone but he definitely stood out from the crowd.

NC Gov. Pat McCrory: 'It Was The Left That Brought About The Bathroom Bill' | Crooks and Liars

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North Carolina Gov. Pat McCrory (R) blamed liberals over the weekend for a state law that strips bathroom rights from transgender people.

On Sunday's edition of Meet the Press, host Chuck Todd asked the governor if he regretted signing HB2 after 160 companies called for it to be repealed, and dozens threatened to boycott the state.

McCrory argued that his job as governor was to stop "government overreach" by cities like Charlotte, which had passed an ordinance allowing transgender people to use the restroom of their choice.

"It was the left that brought about the bathroom bill, not the right," he insisted. "The city of Charlotte passed a mandate on every private sector employer in North Carolina, one of the largest cities in the United States of America. And I think that's government overreach."

"You talk about overreach," Todd interrupted. "You say Charlotte overreached. How did the state of North Carolina, the state government not overreach in just the same way?"

"This has been a long debate in the city of Charlotte, this is where they came down," the Meet the Press host pointed out. "You guys debated for like 10 seconds."

"We've got to have more dialog and not threats," McCory said, adding that there was a "disconnect" between "corporate suites and main street."

"That's a very thoughtful thing for you to say about dialog," Todd shot back. "Where was the dialog?"

According to McCrory, the legislature felt that it needed to act fast to stymie Charlotte's ordinance because "once it came into effect, it would be harder to overturn."

The governor admitted that he did not meet with transgender people before signing the law, but complained that the Human Rights Council was "more powerful than the NRA."

"Which makes me want to overturn [Citizens United] because I don't know who their donors are," he quipped. "They are putting on a lot of pressure instead of having good dialog."

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